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About the City of Bochum
The independent city in the administrative district of Arnsberg is, along with Duisburg, Essen, Dortmund and Hagen, one of the five major centres of the Ruhr area and belongs to the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region.
With approximately 365,000 inhabitants, Bochum is the sixth largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia, the second largest city in Westphalia and one of the 20 largest cities in Germany.
In Bochum there are nine universities or branches of universities. Bochum has been a university city since the founding of the Ruhr-Universität in the southern part of Querenburg in 1962, the first new university in the Federal Republic of Germany after the Second World War and one of the largest universities in Germany with over 40,000 students.
The cityscape is characterised by a church tower and skyscraper skyline as well as various architectural monuments, especially historicism, expressionism and post-war modernism.
On the route of industrial culture "in the heart of the district", the industrial monuments of the city are connected with each other.
After the end of mining, Bochum primarily developed into a technology and service location.
Gertrud von Nivelles
The old synagogue in Wattenscheid (today a part of the City of Bochum) was built between 1827 and 1829.
It was inaugurated in spring 1829. Until 1870 the synagogue was a branch parish of the Israelite parish of Hattingen.
The synagogue was burned down by the National Socialists on the morning of 10 November 1938.
From November 1941, all Jews still living in Wattenscheid were forcibly accommodated in the Jewish elementary school.
On 28 April and 11 May 1942 they were deported by rail to Eastern Europe and murdered by the National Socialists.
In 1990, the city of Bochum attached a plaque to one side of the passage to the Brauhof, which commemorated the destruction of 1938 in German and Hebrew script.
In 2009, a worthy memorial was inaugurated on Nivellesplatz behind the passage.
The names of all 87 known victims of the Holocaust in Wattenscheid were projected on 3 glass steles, as well as a depiction of the synagogue in the middle and the request from a poem by Stephan Hermlin:
"Memory must defeat oblivion".